Before I made a leap of faith to Corporate Banking, I had heard about the notoriety of CFA examination which only passes < 50% of its test takers. There is no passing score, but instead you are graded on bell curve against your peers. Intimidated, I did not study at all, and failed my first attempt on Jun-15. I recouped, intensely studied for 4 months while working full time, and finally passed CFA Level 1 examination on Dec-15.
Why CFA Level 1?
I joined Standard Chartered Bank through its International Graduate Programme on Sep-14. Passing CFA Level 1 was a sure ticket for promotion and all the associated costs were incurred by the bank. On top of promotion, I believed passing CFA Level 1 would improve my credibility as corporate banker in terms of accounting, finance, and economics skills since I came from non-finance degree.
After my first failed attempt, I had some pictures on what I was (potentially) good at and on which topics my interests lied. I had 4 months for my second attempt, started my study in Sep-15. My strategy is to be pragmatic in approaching my study, focussed on efficiency which will increase my likelihood of passing, rather than ideally trying to understand all topics. I decided to purchase and use the following tools:
- Schweser’s CFA Level 1 Study Notes
- Schweser’s CFA Level 1 Secret Sauce
- Schweser’s CFA Level 1 QBank
- Schweser’s CFA Level 1 Practice Exams 1 & 2
- Official CFA Level 1 Curriculum Volume 1: Ethical and Professional Standard and Quantitative Methods
For study time, I allocated 3~4 hours on weekdays and 8~14 hours on weekends. My general strategy is as follows:
- Studied all the curriculums using Schweser’s CFA Level 1 Study Notes for 3 months, with highest emphasis on Financial Reporting & Analysis (“FRA”) and smallest emphasis on Economics (“ECON”). I wanted to have strong foundation in FRA because it contributes 48 points to the final score, whilst I threw ECON because the time investments required to absorb the materials are significantly huge compared to its only 24 points allocation. My breakdown is roughly as follows:
- Ethical & Professional Standards: 3 days
- Quantitative Methods: 1 week
- Economics: 3 days
- Financial Reporting & Analysis: 3.5 weeks
- Corporate Finance: 1.5 week
- Equity Investments: 1.5 week
- Fixed Income Investments: 1.5 week
- Portfolio Management: 3 days
- Derivatives: 3 days
- Alternative Investment: 3 days
The key to pass CFA Level 1 is to remember as many materials as possible. Do not ever skip any readings but do not spend too much time on things you do not understand. It is okay to let go some of the materials, it is not about achieving perfect score. However, test takers should aim to at least understand the skin of the materials so that they can make educated guess during the exam (eliminating 1 choice raises the probability of choosing the correct answer to 50% from 33%). This could be a decider between pass and fail. I also learn how to use your financial calculator whenever I can.
- Practiced using resources from Schweser’s QBank, Practice Exams, and Official CFA Level 1 Curriculum Volume 1 (for ETHICS only) for 3 weeks. Just reading materials may not be sufficient to pass CFA Level 1, a lot of practices are required to solidify understanding and get familiar with the questions. I try to condition myself to exam situation as CFA Level 1 is not only about attacking questions correctly, but also about time management. On average, only 1.5 minutes are allocated for each question (120 questions in 3 hours). For ETHICS, I made sure I completed all questions in the Official CFA Curriculum. I believed this was the reason why I could score > 70% in ETHICS section.
- Reviewed Study using Schweser’s Secret Sauce and Light Practices for the remaining week. For the last week, I reviewed all the topics using the Schweser’s Secret Sauce. For the materials that I forgot, I re-read the topics on Schweser’s Study Notes. I also did some light practices such as trying to tackle some questions untimed to make sure I did not get rusty.
Final Piece of Advice
A lot of factors may determine the success of your CFA Level 1 exam such as noises, nervousness, hunger, and sleep deprivation. Make sure you have enough sleep the night before, get a proper breakfast, bring your own lunch, and take a deep breathe.
Whenever you feel like you want to give up during your study, remember your final goal why you want to pass this exam. Just keep continue reading. If you are feeling burnt out, take a short break, but remember to resume as soon as possible.
Fingers crossed, you will pass this CFA Level 1 exam!